[Solution] Internal Citations For Poetry

MLA Format: Internal Citations in Poetry Dire c t e d L e arning Ac t iv it y —M L A & R e se arc h 06

Essential Question How do I quote poetry in the body of my papers using MLA format?

Purpose Upon completion of this activity, students will be able to quote poetry within a paper using MLA format.

This DLA should take approximately 30 to 45 minutes to complete.

Before You Begin Read the instructional handout “Quoting Poetry within a Paper using MLA Documentation” from

Shepherd University, then complete the following exercise.


Refer to the handout and to Sylvia Plath’s poem, “Metaphors” (below) to answer the following



(by Sylvia Plath, 1932-1963)

I’m a riddle in nine syllables

An elephant, a ponderous house,

A melon strolling on two tendrils.

O red fruit, ivory, fine timbers!

This loaf’s big with its yeasty rising.

Money’s new minted in this fat purse.

I’m a means, a stage, a cow in calf.

I’ve eaten a bag of green apples,

Boarded the train there’s no getting off.

1) Indicate the correct formatting and parenthetical citation for lines 2-4 of “Metaphors.”

2) Following the single phrase that has already been written for you, indicate the correct

formatting and parenthetical citation for lines 4-7 of “Metaphors.”

a. Although the tone of the poem is somewhat ambivalent, the speaker’s positive feelings

are conveyed most clearly in the following lines:

3) According to the handout, when should you NOT use an ellipsis (…)?

4) According to the handout, when SHOULD you use an ellipsis?



5) Cite lines 1-2 and 7-8 (that is, omit lines 3-6) from the following poem. (Refer to the handout

under the section, “If you remove one or more full line…”)


(by N. Scott Momaday, b. 1934)

What did we say to each other

that now we are as the deer

who walk in single file

with heads high

with ears forward

with eyes watchful

with hooves always placed on firm ground

in whose limbs there is latent flight

6) How do you cite several single words or phrases from a poem when including them in a single


Review your answers with an instructor or tutor in the Virtual Writing & Reading Center. Be sure you can

answer the essential question above.



Quoting Poetry within a Paper using MLA Documentation Dire c t e d L e arning Ac t iv it y —M L A & R e se arc h 06 Handout

The rules for poetry differ from the rules for quoting prose in two key ways:

• Poetry requires writers to cite line numbers not page numbers.

• Poetry requires writers to keep line breaks in tact.

Quoting 1, 2 or 3 lines of poetry. You can quote three or fewer lines of poetry without having to place

the lines in a block quote. Use quotation marks. Use a slash to indicate the break between lines. Put the

line numbers in parentheses. Place the period at the end of the line number(s):

Heaney directly compares poetry writing to the digging his ancestors did: “Between my finger

and my thumb / The squat pen rests. / I’ll dig with it” (29-31).

If a stanza break occurs in the quotation, mark it with two forward slashes (//).

The Tao Te Ching, in David Hinton’s translation, says that the ancient masters were “so deep

beyond knowing/we can only describe their appearance://perfectly cautious, as if crossing

winter streams….”

Quoting 4 or more lines of poetry. If you quote four or more lines of poetry, you need to block indent

the poem one-half inch from the left margin.

The author, David Bottoms, is wise to the fact that men often use sports to communicate their

feelings. The persona of the poem, however, takes years to realize his father’s message. Once he

realizes the importance of sports to their relationship, he sends a message back to his father:

and I never learned what you were laying down. Like a hand brushed across the bill of a

cap, let this be the sign I’m getting a grip on the sacrifice. (20-23)

Do not use ellipses if you start quoting a poem midline. If you want to start quoting in the middle of a

line of poetry, just add indentions to indicate the text is only a partial line. Do not use ellipses points (. .


McDonald paints a picture of a family in pain, but he uses images that usually show up in cozier

circumstances, such as children reading the comics:

At dawn

we folded the quilts

and funnies, crept softly

through our chores. (13-16)

If you remove words from the middle of a line, DO use ellipses to represent the missing text.



As a boy, the persona visited his grandfather in the fields: “Once I carried him milk. . . . / He

straightened up / To drink it” (Heaney 19-21).

If you remove one or more full line, use a line of ellipses to indicate the omission.

The persona in Hayden’s poem would wake to hear the fire his father started before dawn:

Sundays too my father got up early

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

I’d wake and hear the cold splintering, breaking.

When the rooms were warm, he’d call,

and slowly I would rise and dress. (1, 6-8)

Put line numbers after citing several single words. If you quote several words or phrases from

throughout a poem, list the line numbers after each word.

Roethke uses a variety of words in “My Papa’s Waltz” that indicate physical violence, words such

as “death” (3), “battered” (9), “scraped” (12), “beat” (13), and “hard” (14).

For one word, put the line number at the end. Just as when quoting a single word of a prose work, put

line numbers at the end of a sentence if quoting only one word.

When Heaney uses a simile to compare his pen to a “gun,” he creates a startling image (2).


  • DLA – M.6 Internal citations for poetry
    • Essential Question
      • Purpose
      • Before You Begin
  • DLA – M.6 Internal citations for poetry_Reading
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